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troubleshoot-problem-Computer-common-Problems-And-Solutions-In-English

A short guide to solving the most common computer problems on your own, whether you are working on a computer at home or in the office, troubleshooting PC problems has become a part of everyday life. Even if you think your system is stable and secure, a PC can have thousands of problems, such as hardware failure, various error messages, malicious software, or sometimes just one cable is loose.

What will you do at such a time? Would you call an expert? But wait! Before you call a PC expert and pay for tech support, read this post.

Here I have collected some common PC problems, which have been seen by many computer users. I have tried my best to give their solutions so that you can solve the problems and save your money and time.






1) Slow Computer:


Slow-Computer-Computer-common-Problems-And-Solutions-In-English


This is the most common problem for all users. You will remember the time when you bought your PC when it was giving its best performance. But over time, the PC speed may decrease. And it seems to take longer to boot, to open files or folders, to spend more time surfing the internet, to delay the user's response to the action, and some other tasks. However, there are some things that you can do to increase the speed of the computer.

By following some simple tips, you can increase the speed of the PC and improve its performance.

Go to my previous post "Quick fix tips that can speed up your computer" and follow some simple tips to increase the speed and performance of your PC.


2) The computer improved turn on:

Many times you press the power button and nothing happens and it is really like a nightmare for any user. There can be two situations at this time -

a) The computer shows no light:

If your computer is not turning on and there is no light on the front of the computer cabinet, as well as the fan is not running, then surely one of the cord is loose or the PC's power supply is dead Are

Step 1: First make sure all plugs are firmly in their sockets.

Step 2: Check the power cord for a break or damage. If there are damages, replace them.

Step 3: If both are fine, then the problem may be in the power supply. Check the PC's power supply (SMPS).

b) Computer Starts but Monitor Remains Blank:

In the second case, the computer starts and the light and fan are turned on, but the screen is blank and the PC does not even exist.

To troubleshoot this problem, try the following -


troubleshoot-problem-Computer-common-Problems-And-Solutions-In-English


Step 1: Listen to the PC's beep sound, if the PC is continuously giving beep sound, then the RAM inside the PC may be lost. Remove the RAM and press and fit it into the motherboard again. If the RAM is OK, check the video or graphic card.

Step 2: Troubleshoot the blank monitor if the above steps do not solve the problems. Connect another monitor to the computer, so that the device is in the system, it will be understood.

Step 3: Check the video cable and video connectors. If the video cable breaks, replace it. Check whether the pin of the video connectors is straight or crooked, if it is crooked, straighten it.

Step 4: Reset or update the BIOS.







3) The Blue Screen of Death:


Blue-Screen-troubleshoot-harware-problem-Computer-common-Problems-And-Solutions-In-English


Usually, Blue Screen of Death (or BSOD) is a blue screen error message that displays after a system crash. This is the worst error type of the computer and when it comes the error message can be very frustrating. This error occurs in everyone from Windows 3.0 and 3.1 to the latest version. The blue screen error message is called death because your computer almost freezes and a few times the system starts in normal mode after a reboot.

There are many possible reasons for the Blue Screen of Death on your computer. Here are some steps you can try.

Step 1: Blue screen error message usually occurs during Windows update. If this message arrives at the time of Windows update, go to the previous version.

Step 2: Many times viruses can corrupt Windows files so that the window shows this error message. Scan for viruses and malware.

Step 4: If this error occurs while using the PC, then the PC's hardware such as RAM can be defective. Sometimes new hardware connected to PC can also be the reason. If you have recently connected a lot of new hardware to the PC, try it by turning on the PC.

Step 5: Updating Windows or all Device Drivers multiple times causes the error of a blue screen.

For more information on how to update device drivers, see the previous post "Now you can easily update your system drivers with one click".

Step 6: If any software or hardware changes or modifications have been done in the PC or any new software or hardware is installed after which the error of the blue screen is coming, then remove them.

Step 7: If your PC has a recent blue screen error, restart the computer and press 'F8' for the advanced options menu. Then select the last known good configuration. If this does not work, do System Restore



4) Computer hangs or freezes:

It is also a common problem with the PC. Many times this is due to insufficient PC RAM. So first of all check that your PC has enough RAM.

When you are not giving any response, follow the steps of Nichanas -

Method 1: At Startup

The most common reasons for hanging on PC startup are:

If an external device is connected to the PC, disconnect it and start the PC.

Updating your PC's firmware and device drivers should be your first action. Many times this update resolves the problem of PC hang.

If you have recently changed PC, after which PC hangs, use System Restore to solve this problem.



Method 2: Random Hang

If your PC is hanging randomly, it could be due to damaged system files, software compatibility, or damage registry. You can repair system files using the System Update Readiness Tool, the Deployment Image Servicing and Management (DISM) tool, or System File Checker (SFC).

If you have recently installed some software or driver and after this, the PC hangs, then remove this software or driver. In addition, you can bring PCs to the working state using System Restore.

If the registry is damaged then restore or refresh the system to restore Windows.



Method 3: Due to Hardware Issues

If Chkdsk is running while starting Windows, then it can be a sign of hard disk failure. Let Windows check the disk so that it can repair file system errors, but this can take a long time. To manually check the hard disk, run Chkdsk from the command prompt utility. If this does not solve the problem, then it is time to change the hard disk.



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Now-you-can-easily-update-your-system-drivers-with-one-click

Update System Drivers With One Click

Have you ever had a painful headache trying to find the right drivers for newly formatted PCs via the Internet?

Sometimes some PCs or laptops have factory settings predetermined, some times the driver's disk is not lost or lost with the motherboard, then it becomes very difficult to update the driver.

Updating the drivers is very important and necessary for the PC to run smoothly. Windows has a device manager inbuilt, through which you can update each driver, which is a time-consuming process.


But if you need an effective and easy driver update tool that analyzes automatic driver and installs the correct driver by analyzing the updated driver for PC with just one click then read it -





1) 3DP Chip and 3DP Net:

3DP Chip and 3DP Net are extremely useful freeware that reduces your effort and time to search and update your PC's driver. Even if your PC is not connected to the Internet without a network driver, 3DP Net has the ability to automatically install the appropriate network driver. 3DP Net detects the installed network card in your PC and installs the appropriate drivers in its integrated Ethernet card driver pool using Breeze.

3DP Chip is also a useful program that detects and displays information about the CPU, motherboard, video card and sound card installed on your PC. You can copy this information to your clipboard with one click for later use. If your PC is connected to the Internet, you can also download all the latest drivers.

I recommend running the 3DP Chip after installing Windows, first installing the network driver from 3DP Net and then later installing another driver.

Download: 3DP CHIP & 3DP NET



2) Driver Booster 2:


Driver-Booster-2-pro


Driver Booster 2 of IObit scans the updated drivers of your PC and updates them. When you start a program or connect a new device, it automatically scans. Or you can set it to update the drivers all at once or one by one with a single click. Driver Booster 2 includes fast download and new user interface with skin.

Download: IOBIT'S DRIVER BOOSTER 2







3) DriverMax:


DriverMax-pro-download


 It is a powerful tool that updates the latest drivers for your computer. With this, you can backup all the drivers in a folder and reinstall them after reinstalling Windows. It automatically checks and identifies the latest driver versions and installs the drivers of unknown devices connected to the PC.

But in its freeware version, you can download only two drivers per day.


Download: DRIVERMAX



4) HWiNFO32:


HWiNFO32-download-free


Hwinfo 32 This is a professional hardware information and diagnostic tool that displays detailed information about all the hardware components of your PC. It supports the latest component, industry technology and standard.

The HWiNFO32 includes capable benchmark modules that test and report the speed of a PC's CPU, memory, and hard drive. It supports both 32-bit and 64-bit versions. Therefore, this software is useful for those who want to update the PC's driver, it is also useful for the computer manufacturers, system integrator and technical experts.

Download: HWINFO32


5) Advanced System Optimizer:


Advanced-System-Optimizer-free-download

If you are looking for an easy program to use, Advanced System Optimizer is a very good option for you. Only one scan has to be run to find the error of your PC. Its Driver Updater scans all the components of the system and downloads and installs automatic latest drivers.

Apart from this, Advanced System Optimizer has a collection of multi-function tools to protect, update and optimize your PC.

Download: ADVANCED SYSTEM OPTIMIZER



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What are Device Drivers?

What are Device Drivers?
Driver in English:

A device driver is a software that allows your computer to communicate with hardware or devices. The device driver operates or controls a device attached to the computer. Without drivers, any hardware connected to your computers such as a video card or printer will not work properly.

When you buy a branded PC or laptop, there are many device drivers in-built in this product. But when you buy a chord device later, you have to install the driver for this device.

Typically, device drivers communicate with a hardware bus or communication subsystem from a hardware-connected device. It sends commands to the device from application software or operating system or receives data from this device.







Why is a device driver required?
device_driver_flow

Computers and their operating systems are not able to know how to control every device. This is why every device comes with its own driver. The operating system "calls" the driver and the driver "drives" the device.

When a new hardware device is connected to a computer, such as a CD-ROM drive, printer or sound card, it is necessary to install the driver to make it work properly. If the peripheral device changes, its driver must also be changed. The device drivers depending on your operating system are also 8-bit, 16-bit, 32-bit, and 64-bit. New versions of these drivers are written and released by the manufacturer of the device.



What is a peripheral device?

Peripheral devices are devices that are connected to a computer. They are not part of the computer system (motherboard, processor) but are necessary to increase the functionality of the computer.



Device Driver Explanation:

A device driver is basically a translator. Its inputs are high-level, and its outputs are low-level, hardware-specific instructions used by hardware controllers and interfacing the input-output devices to the operating system.







Device Manager:


What-are-Device-Manager


You can use Device Manager to check the installed device in your PC, update the driver software, see if the hardware is down properly and change the hardware settings.

To open Device Manager in Windows, type "Device Manager" in the search box and then tap or click on Device Manager.

or

Type devmgmt.msc in the Run dialog box and click Ok.

Now the window of the device manager will open. Here in the list of devices, click on the small arrow on the left side of the device to see the details.





To check for any device driver problems:

In the Device Manager above, double tab or double click to expand the device category. If a yellow warning_icon-update device driver appears on a device driver here, then there may be a problem in the driver of this device.



Enable or disable the device:

If you want to disable any device, right-click on the driver list of Device Manager and click Disable.

If you want to enable it again, right-click on it and click Enable.



How to Update Device Driver in English:
Device Driver Update:
If a hardware device is not earning properly, you probably need to update its driver. There are several ways to update a driver -

Right-click on the device in Device Manager.

Update windows

If your device comes with a driver CD, update the driver.

Do you want to easily update all the drives on your PC? So check out the previous post - Now you can easily update your system drivers with one click



Roll Back Driver:

The device driver reinstalls the rollback driver to the settings you are already using.

In Device Manager, right-click on the driver you want to roll back and select Properties.

Click on the Roll Back Driver in the Driver tab.

When are you sure you would like to roll back to the previous driver? If you see this message, click on Yes.

Now the previous device driver will be restored.



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What-is-BIOS-In-Computersin-in-english

What is BIOS?

Computer BIOS is an integral part of the computer system. BIOS is a type of firmware of a PC and is used during the booting process (start-up) process of the PC.

This is the first software to be started when the PC is on. While loading the operating system, the BIOS identifies and configures all the hardware of the computer such as RAM, processor, keyboard, mouse, hard drive, etc. and only then the operating system is loaded in the computer memory.







BIOS Meaning in English:

Its ital is Basic Input Output System.



BIOS Definition in English:

BIOS This term is an abbreviation for the Basic Input Output System. It is built-in software that determines what a computer can do without accessing programs from the disk.

The BIOS is an important part of any computer system. For example, on a personal computer (PC), the BIOS contains the code required to control the keyboard, display screen, disk drive, serial communications, and many different functions.



Where is the BIOS located?

The BIOS software stores non-volatile ROM chips on the motherboard. But this ROM is EEPROM (Electrically Erasable and Programmable Read-Only Memory), meaning store BIOS can be updated or rewritten.

Complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) has all the settings of the BIOS store. This CMOS chip gets power from the battery and when this battery is removed and re-connected all the CMOS settings become the default.




BIOS Functions:

The main function of BIOS is to boot the operating system on the PC.

When the computer is on, the BIOS does many things. This is the general sequence of:

➤Checking CMOS Setup for Custom Settings |
➤Loading interrupts handlers and device drivers.
➤Performing Power-on self-test (POST).
➤Display system settings.
➤Deciding which devices can be booted.








How do I access BIOS?

After the PC is turned on, press F2, F12, Delete or Esc immediately. The BIOS is different in every PC and it varies depending on the manufacturer. Bios All Motherboard Key



Configuring BIOS:

In the above method, when the setting of the BIOS is opened, and there are several sets of text screens showing many options. Some of these are standard and others change with the BIOS manufacturer. BIOS setup utility screen is usually divided into five tabs Main, Advanced, Power, Boot and Exit and each tab has different options.

If you are changing the BIOS settings, do it carefully. Use the tabs and arrow keys to navigate. Use the page up and page down keys to change the value of the required item. Finally, press F10 to save and exit these changes.



How to Update BIOS:

The BIOS is the most critical part of a PC. So only update the BIOS if necessary, as it is a complicated process and if an error occurs in it, then it will make your computer unobtrusive. Updating the BIOS often resolves several issues. To update the BIOS follow these steps -

1) Check the version of your BIOS in Windows:

There are several ways to detect the BIOS version of a computer's motherboard.

i) Restart your computer and go to BIOS. Inside the BIOS, you will find the version of BIOS used by your computer's motherboard.



ii) Press Win + R key - type "Msinfo32" in the search bar and click Ok. This will open System Information Windows. In it, you will see the version of BIOS.

iii) In the command prompt, "systeminfo | type findstr / I / c: bios"



2) Check if there are any updates of BIOS available:

After you get the version of BIOS used by your computer's motherboard, now is the time to find out the updated version is available. If your PC is branded, do a search on your computer manufacturer's web site and if the PC is not branded, search for updates on the motherboard manufacturer's site. And then download the correct BIOS update file.



3) Read the document:

Before updating the BIOS, you should read the update's documentation file carefully to prevent your PC from becoming unobtainable.



4) Update your BIOS:

To update the BIOS, quit all programs and run the exe file. This will reboot the PC after the install corner and update the BIOS.



Note: Most BIOS update programs include a backup option for their current BIOS version. If such a feature is available, back up your existing BIOS version before updating.





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Are you getting a “USB device not recognized” error whenever you plug in a USB mouse, keyboard, camera, or another device? I can’t live without USB ports and currently have 5 ports on my computer so that I can connect my mouse, keyboard, camera, phone, and printer to it all at once!

For those of you with even more USB gadgets, you probably have connected a USB hub to one of your USB ports so that can you connect even more devices. Most of the time this works great, but occasionally your computer might stop recognizing USB devices. The odd thing about this error is that the ports are working just fine, as I was able to still charge my cell phone without a problem, but couldn’t get my camera recognized using the same port.


how to solve usb device not recognized, usb device, usb device not recognized

After spending a lot of time and trying a bunch of different ways to fix the problem, only one solution ended up working for me. I’ll mention that solution first, but will also mention the other possible solutions, as the first solution may not fix the problem for everyone.






Method 1 – Unplug Computer

So how did I finally fix the problem? Well, if you are lucky, it’s a super simple solution! Try this method first and if it works, you’ll have saved a lot of time.

Simply unplug your computer from the power supply. Yes, that is it! Note that this does not mean just turning off your computer using the power button because most modern computers don’t actually turn off completely and the motherboard will still get power. This is useful sometimes if you want to remotely wake up a computer, etc.

The motherboard is where all of the hardware of the computer connects to, including the USB ports. Sometimes the motherboard needs to be “rebooted” because things can go wrong, i.e. all or some USB ports suddenly stop working. The small microprocessor on the motherboard will reload the drivers and your USB ports should hopefully be recognizing devices again.

So first turn off your computer using the Shut Down option in Windows or pressing the power button and then UNPLUG the PC from the wall outlet. Let it sit for several minutes and then plug it back in.


Method 2 – Update Device Driver

If Windows is not able to recognize the device, you may also see in Device Manager that the device shows up as an “Unknown Device”. You can get to Device Manager by clicking on Start and typing in devmgmt.msc or by going to Control Panel and clicking on Device Manager.

USB Device Not Recognized in Windows, Device Not Recognized


In that case, you should right-click on Unknown Device, click on Properties, then the Driver tab and then click Update Driver.

update driver usb, usb problem

If this doesn’t work, you can also try to download the driver for your device from the manufacturer’s website. If the USB device is just a flash drive, then it’s probably not a driver issue. However, if you are installing a USB printer, drawing pad, etc, then it might be worth downloading the driver for that specific device.


Method 3 – Restart & Disconnect USB Devices

The next thing you can try is to disconnect all USB devices and then restart the machine. once you have restarted, try to connect the USB device that was causing the problem.

If that particular USB port doesn’t recognize it, try another one. If the device is recognized by a different USB port, there could be a hardware problem with one of the USB ports. If no USB port recognizes the device, then keep reading because it’s probably something else.


Method 4 – USB Root Hub

Another thing you can try is to open Device Manager, expand USB Serial Bus Controllers, right-click on USB Root Hub and then click on Properties.

                                                               
USB Root Hub solution

Click on the Power Management tab and uncheck the Allow the computer to turn off this device to save power box. If you have more than one USB Root Hub listed, you need to repeat these steps for each one.

usb root hub problem solution

Click OK and then restart your computer. Try to reconnect the USB device and see if it is recognized. If not, go back to the power management tab for each one and check the box again. If it does recognize the device, then leave them unchecked.


Method 5 – Connect Directly to PC

A friend of mine ran into this issue and the cause ended up being his USB hub. He only had three USB ports on his computer, so he bought a hub where he could connect an additional 8 USB devices.

I guess this proved too much for his computer and it just started sporadically not recognizing various devices. After removing the hub and connecting the device directly to the computer, it worked just fine.

We haven’t really been able to find any other solution to this problem other than reducing the number of items connected to the hub. Actually, one other solution worked, but it meant having to buy a new USB hub with more power.

If you are having this problem with Windows 8 or Windows 8.1, then you might be in luck. Microsoft has released a fix for Windows 8 not detecting USB devices properly. Make sure to install this hotfix if running Windows 8.


Method 6 – USB Troubleshooter

If nothing has worked so far, you can download the Windows USB Troubleshooter Fixit tool. It’s a free tool that works with Windows XP, Vista and 7.

USB Troubleshooter

You can either have the troubleshooter fix the problems for you or select the fixes yourself. I would just let it fix them for you since the choices can sometimes be confusing and technical for the novice user.


Method 7 – Update Generic USB Hub

If you are getting the Unknown Device error in Device Manager, you can also try one other thing. Open Device Manager and then expand Universal Serial Bus Controllers.

You should see at least one item called Generic USB Hub. On some computers, you might see two, three or more of these. Right-click on the first one and choose Update Driver Software.

Update Generic USB Hub



When the update dialog pops up, choose to Browse my computer for driver software.

pick-driver-easy-solution


Then click on Let me pick from a list of device drivers on my computer at the bottom.

generic-usb-hub-problem-easy-solution


From the list, select Generic USB Hub. Normally, there won’t be anything else listed except for that one choice. Click Next and then click Close once it finishes installing it.

At this point, the Device Manager screen should refresh and either the unknown device will still be there or it may now be recognized. If it’s still showing as not recognized, then you repeat the process for each Generic USB Hub listed.


Method 8 – Uninstall USB Devices

As a last resort, you can also try uninstalling all USB devices from your system and then restarting. I mention this last because even though Windows is supposed to automatically recognize the USB controllers, hubs and devices automatically, it can sometimes fail and you’ll end up with no USB ports working.

I had a computer with 6 USB ports and only one port would not work properly. I uninstalled everything under USB Serial Bus Controllers in Device Manager and restarted. Instead of re-detecting everything, I was left with no USB port working, so be careful when using this method.

Go to Device Manager and start uninstalling each item from under USB Serial Bus Controllers. Before you start with anything that is already working, uninstall the items with exclamation points or that are listed as Unknown Device.

Unknown usb Device



Method 9 – Uninstall Hidden Devices

By default, Device Manager doesn’t show all devices that have been installed to the system. It basically only shows the ones that are currently connected. However, if you installed a USB printer earlier and now no longer use it, it will still be installed, but won’t show up in Device Manager.

Certain hidden or ghost USB devices can cause conflicts with current USB devices and therefore lead to this error. You can view hidden devices in Device Manager by first opening a command prompt and then typing the following two commands:

Hidden Devices


set DEVMGR_SHOW_DETAILS=1

set DEVMGR_SHOW_NONPRESENT_DEVICES=1

start devmgmt.msc


Once Device Manager loads, you need to click on View and then click on Show Hidden Devices.


Show Hidden Devices

Now you want to expand Imaging Devices, Universal Serial Bus Controllers and Unknown Devices. If you see anything listed there that is greyed out or that says unknown device, go ahead and right-click on them and choose Uninstall. Hopefully, removing older devices will allow newer devices to work properly.


Method 10 – Restart

Sometimes, a simple reboot fix unrecognized USB device. Plug your USB device out, wait for a few minutes, then restart your computer. Plug your USB device back in again. 


Method 11 – Try a different computer

Try plug your USB device into a different computer. If it doesn’t work on the second PC, your device could be at fault. You may want to get it repaired or buy a new one. 


Other Possible Solutions

If nothing has worked until this point, it’s pretty safe to say there could be a problem with the actual hardware. The best thing to do is to connect the device to another computer and see if it works or not. If not, then it’s definitely an issue with the device.

Possible Solution #1 – The other possible solutions are to try a different USB cable if you have one lying around. If not, just buy a new cheap USB cable from Amazon: A to B, A to Micro B, A to Mini B, or A to A. This is a fairly rare problem, but I have seen it occur a few times over my many years doing technical support.

Possible Solution # 2 – Another possible solution is to take the device, connect it to another machine and if it does recognize the device properly, to then eject it properly from that computer before reconnecting it to the original computer. I’ve seen this problem occur with several flash drives that were unplugged without ejecting properly. After connecting them to another computer and ejecting them properly from there, they suddenly started to show up on the original computer that was not recognizing them.

Possible Solution #3 – A few people have had luck getting rid of this problem by updating the BIOS. I’ve already written an article about whether it’s a good idea or not to update the BIOS, but in this case, it might be worth a try. You can also go into the BIOS and disable USB, restart the computer and then enable USB again. The only thing you need to make sure is that you have a PS2 port on your computer, otherwise you won’t be able to do anything once you disable USB in the BIOS if your keyboard and mouse are connected via USB.

Hopefully, one of the many solutions above will solve your USB problem. If not, post a comment and I’ll try to help. Enjoy!


You can see this video